microbiology and bacteriology specifically have dependably been a gradually
developing science. Advances created in the 19th century still play a major
role in routine diagnostics and subsequent therapeutic responses. Bacterial
pathogens are main causes of infectious diseases. It is important to be able to
detect them in patients in order to provide an effective treatment. The important
mission of the clinical bacteriology laboratory is to assist and guide the
health care provider in the diagnosis of infectious diseases.